Gums that pull back away from the teeth are known as receding gums. This phenomenon is often caused by gum disease. Though this disease does not have a known cure, it is manageable. In most instances, gum recession develops in a fairly gradual manner. So take a good look at your teeth and gums each day and abide by your regularly scheduled visits with the dentist.
Here is a look at how receding gums are treated.
Unfortunately, no treatment exists that can reverse gum disease. The gum tissue will not grow back. However, treatment can stop the problem from worsening. The treatment modality your dentist settles on will partially hinge on the underlying cause of the gum issues. It might be possible to reduce or halt the rate of gum recession by doing something as simple as altering flossing and brushing techniques. Even the incorporation of a daily mouth rinse that combats plaque can attack the plaque between teeth. It also might help to use an interdental cleaner like a dental pick to clean those spaces that are difficult to reach.
Scaling and Root Planing
In some instances, it is necessary for a patient to have a deep cleaning treatment known as the scaling and root planing to be performed. This involves a cleaning of the plaque and tartar from the surface and roots of the teeth to combat gum recession.
If the gum recession is significant, a procedure known as gum grafting can help restore some of the lost gum tissue. Gum grafting moves gum tissue from one portion of the mouth to another. Grafting is the attachment of the tissue to the new space around a tooth. Once the site heals, it guards the exposed tooth root and allows for a natural look.
In instances of severe gum recession where the bone is destroyed, regeneration can be used. This surgical procedure involves the use of regenerative material in the site of bone loss to advance the regeneration of bone and tissue. The gum tissue is secured in the space where one or several teeth were involved.
Orthodontics can be specifically designed to move tooth position to rectify the gum margin.
It is also possible to use composite resins that match the color of the teeth. These composite resins cover the surface of the root. They also serve to close gaps between teeth.
All sorts of different agents from the desensitizing variety to dentine bonding agents and varnishes can help. They minimize sensitivity that has the potential to develop within the exposed tooth root. The purpose of this approach is to treat the nerve symptoms and allow for normal oral hygiene to continue even though sensitive teeth are being brushed.
It is also possible to use pink porcelain or a composite that matches the hue of the gums. Removable gingival veneers made with silicone or acrylic will also prove helpful.
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